Pilot Study of Sentinel-Node-Based Adoptive Immunotherapy in Advanced Colorectal Cancer.

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Ann Surg Oncol. 2010 Jan 30. [Epub ahead of print]

Pilot Study of Sentinel-Node-Based Adoptive Immunotherapy in Advanced Colorectal Cancer.

Karlsson M, Marits P, Dahl K, Dagöö T, Enerbäck S, Thörn M, Winqvist O.

Karolinska Institute, Department of Medicine, Unit of Clinical Allergy Research, Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Despite optimal surgical treatment and modern adjuvant therapies, 50% of patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer die within 5 years. Immunotherapy offers an appealing complement to traditional chemotherapy, with possible long-term protection against tumor recurrences through immunological memory. We have conducted a pilot study of a novel adoptive immunotherapy, using autologous, in vitro expanded lymphocytes isolated from the tumor-draining sentinel lymph node.

STUDY DESIGN: Sentinel nodes were recovered from 16 patients with disseminated or locally advanced, high-risk colorectal cancer. Single-cell suspensions of sentinel-node-acquired lymphocytes were clonally expanded in vitro in the presence of autologous tumor extract and returned as a transfusion. Patients were followed with clinical and radiological evaluations. Long-term survival was compared with traditionally treated controls.

RESULTS: Sentinel-node-acquired CD4(+) Th1-lymphocytes could be clonally expanded in vitro and safely administered to all 16 patients without side-effects. In four out of nine stage IV patients, complete tumor regression occurred. Median survival time in the stage IV patients (n = 9) was 2.6 years, as compared with 0.8 years in conventionally treated controls. A dose-dependent effect with regards to reduced tumor burden and long-term survival was observed.

CONCLUSION: Sentinel-node-based adoptive immunotherapy is feasible; the method has shown no apparent side-effects and appears to convey therapeutic antitumor effects. Further studies are justified to determine its efficacy and precise role in the treatment of colorectal cancer.