Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2007 Aug;60(3):351-6. Epub 2006 Nov 17.
Biweekly oxaliplatin plus 1-day infusional fluorouracil/leucovorin followed by metronomic chemotherapy with tegafur/uracil in pretreated metastatic colorectal cancer.
Lin PC, Chen WS, Chao TC, Yang SH, Tiu CM, Liu JH.
Division of Medical Oncology, Taipei Veterans General Hospital and National Yang-Ming University, No. 201, Shi-Pai Rd., Sec. 2, Taipei 112, Taiwan, ROC.
PURPOSE: Metronomic chemotherapy, at a minimally toxic dose and with a frequent schedule, is a potentially novel approach to the control of advanced cancer disease via a different mechanism from maximum tolerable doses chemotherapy. Taking advantage of the potential effectiveness of metronomic therapy, tegafur/uracil (UFT) was incorporated into an oxaliplation/infusioanl fluouracil (5-FU)/leucovorin (LV) protocol in this study. The primary endpoints were response rate, time to progression (TTP) and safety profile in 5-FU-pretreated metastatic colorectal cancers (CRCs).
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with metastatic CRCs resistant or refractory to 5-FU/LV were enrolled. Chemotherapy was administrated every 2 weeks sequentially with 2-h infusion of oxaliplatin (85 mg/m2) and LV (200 mg/m2), intravenous bolus 5-FU (400 mg/m2), 22-h infusion of 5-FU (600 mg/m2) on day 1 and then followed by 10-day daily oral UFT (200 mg/m2)/LV (30 mg/m2).
RESULTS: Partial response was seen in ten (35.7%) patients. The median TTP was 5.2 (95% CI: 4.16-6.31) months and the median overall survival was 13.4 (95% CI: 6.39-20.5) months. No grade 3 toxicities above 5% according to National Cancer Institute-Common Toxicity Criteria (NCI-CTC) occurred except sensory neuropathy (10.7%). No grade 4 toxicity, treatment-related mortality or hand-foot syndrome was found.
CONCLUSIONS: This study protocol with favorable toxicity profile is thus promisingly effective against 5-FU-pretreated metastatic CRCs. Given the present experience, an evaluation of the regimen as front-line treatment of metastatic CRC is planned.